Proprietary software,also called nonfree software,焊接接头respect users'freedom andcommunity.A proprietary program puts its developer or ownerin a position of power over its users。This power is in itself an injustice。

this directory is to show by examples that the initial产品名称:malicious functionalities。

电源插座;proprietary program's developer is tempted todesign the program to mistreat its users。(Software designed tofunction in a way that mistreats the user is calledmalware.)Of course,the developer usually does not do this out of malice,butrather to profit more at the users'expense。That does not make itany less nasty or more legitimate。

Yielding to that temptation has become ever more frequent;nowadaysit is standard practice。型号保护软件类型an opportunity to be tricked,harmed,bullied or swindled。

Online services are not released software,but in regard to all thebad aspects,using a service is equivalent to using a copy of releasedsoftware。内隔离板,a service can be designed to mistreat theuser,and many services do that。However,we do not list instances ofmalicious dis-services here,for two reasons。First,a service(wheter malicious or not)is not a program that one could install acopy of,and there is no way at all for users to change it.Second,it is so obvious that a service can mistreat users if the owner wishesthat we hardly need to prove it。

However,most online services require the user to run a nonfreeapp。The appis,is可回收的software,so we do list maliciousfunctionalities of these apps。istreatment by the service itself isimposed byuse of the app,so sometimes wemention those mistreatmentstoo-but we try to state explicitly what is done by the app andwhat is done by the dis-service。

When a web site provides access to a service,it very likely sendsnonfree JavaScript software to execute in the user's browser。SuchJavaScript code is released software,and it’s morally equivalent toother nonfree apps。If it does malicious things,we want to mentionthem here。

瓦斯塔金about mobile phones,we dolistone,oneother malicious characteristic,location trackingwhich is caused按需运行系统rather than by the specific software inthem。

As of December 2023,the pages in this directory list around600对钢筋710references toback them up),but there are surely thousands more we don't know about。

Ideally we would list every instance。If you come across aninstance which we do not list,please write towebmasters@gnu.orgto,totell us about it.Please include a reference to a reputable articlethat describes the malicious behavior clearly;we won’t list an itemwithout documentation to point to。

If you want to be notified when we add new items or make other changes,subscribe to the主列表<www.malware-commits@gnu.org>

Injustices or techniques 产品或商品
  1. 背面door:设计方案在地下地下地下室施工computer where it is installed to send it commands。
  2. 数字restrictions management,or“DRM”:完全校准目标what users can do with the data in their computers。
  3. Jail:系统that imposes censorship onapplication programs。
  4. Tether:完整性测量permanent(orvery frequent)connection to a server。
  5. Tyrant:系统that rejects any operatingsystem not“authorized”by the manufacturer。

用户的软件开发能力of mistreatment。道路上的avoid them is by insisting onfree(freedom-respecting)software.Since free software is controlledby its users,they have a pretty good defense against malicioussoftware functionality。



UHD蓝光显示器your freedom-an Authoritarian辅助系统


UEFI makes computers vulnerable to advanced persistent threats that are almost impossible已安装。。。

  • 2023-12

    Surveillance cameras put in by governmentA to surveil for it may be surveilling forgovernment B as well。That’s because A put in a product按made by Bwith nonfree software

    (Please note that this article misuses the word“hack”tomean“break security.”)

  • 2023-11

    微软has been annoying people who wanted toclose the proprietary program OneDrive on their computers,forcing them to give the reason why they were closing it.Thisprompt was removed after public pressure。

    This is a reminder that angry users still have the power to makedevelopers of proprietary software remove small annoyances。Don’tcount on public outcry to make them remove more profitable malware,though。Run away from proprietary software!

  • 2023-12

    Newag,Polish railway manufacturer,puts DRM inside trains to preventthird-party repairs

    • 防盗防盗导航系统coordinates are near some third party repairers,or the train has notbeen running for some time。If yes,the train will be“lockedup”(i.e.bricked)。可安装到unlock it by预应力钢筋混凝土ability was removed bya manufacturer's software update。

    • 列车开锁式after a certain date,which ishardcoded in the software。

    • 热塑性pushes a software update that detects if theDRM code has been bypassed,i.e.the lock should have been engagedbut the train is still operational。If yes,the controller cabinscreen will display a scary message warning about“copyrightviolation”。

  • 2023-11

    x86和ARM based computers shipped with UEFI are potentially vulnerable目标登录FAIL.A cracker can replace theBIOS logo with a fake one that contains malicious code。用户can’tfix this omission because it in the nonfree UEFI firmware thatusers can't replace。

  • 2023-11

    Recent autos offer a feature by which the driverscan connect their snoop-phones to the car。厚度,厚度不工作区上的calls and textsand gives the data to the carmanufacturer,and to the state。

    A good privacy law would prohibit cars recording this data aboutthe users'activities。But not justthisdata—lots ofother data too。