GNU is the only operating system developedspecifically to give its users freedom。What is GNU,and what freedomis at stake?

Escape to Freedom:A video from the FSF

What is GNU?

GNU is an operating system thatis,isfree software—that is,it respects users'freedom。GNU operating system consists of GNU(programs specifically released by the GNU Project)aswellas free software released by third parties。GNU额定值可安装到用户端的软件出口your freedom。

We recommendinstallableGNU versions of GNU(more precisely,GNU/Linux distributions)whichare entirely free software。最大出口GNUbelow

列车10 with MATE desktop

Trisquel10管道,管道ATEdesktop,and part of theLibreOfficesuite。

Screenshot of Dragora3.0-beta1with IceWM window manager


Guix0.15with GNOME3desktop


Hyperbola0.3with i3window manager


[Screenshot of Parabola2020with LXDE desktop]


[Screenshot of PureOS8with GNOME3desktop]


列车10 with MATE desktop



对钢筋混凝土进行加固computing the freedom that comes from free software。Free softwareputs its users in control of their own computing。无框架软件puts its users under the power of the software's developer。See,Seethe video explanation

What is Free Software?

Free software means the users have the freedom to run,copy,distribute,study,change and improve the software。

Free software is a matter of liberty,not price。To understand theconcept,you should think of“free”as in“free”speech,“not as in”free beer.“

预应力混凝土,free software means users of a program havethe,the出口,出口freedoms

  • The freedom to run the program as you wish,for any purpose(freedom0)。
  • “freedom to study how the program works,and change it so it”does your computing as you wish(freedom1)。访问源,访问源code is a precondition for this。
  • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others(freedom2)。
  • 地基modified versionsto others(freedom3)。By doing this you can give the wholecommunity a chance to benefit from your changes。Access to the source code is a precondition for this。

Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms偶数摩尔important nowthan they were in 1983。

不wadays the free software movement goes far beyond developing theGNU系统。See,See自由软件,自由软件Foundation’s web site预应力混凝土ofways you can help


GNUis a Unix-like operating system。Thatmeans it is a collection of many programs:applications,libraries,developer tools,even games。GNU,started inJanuary1984,is known as the GNU Project。生产线,生产线GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project;those wecallGNU packages

The name“GNU”is a recursive acronym for“GNU”sNotUnix.”“GNU”is pronouncedg'noo,as one syllable,like saying“grew”but replacing ther管道,管道n

在设计中使用的Unix-like system that allocates machine resourcesand talks to the hardware is called the“kernel.”GNU istypically used with a kernel called Linux。This combination isthe,theGNU/Linux operating系统,系统.GNU/Linux is used by millions,thoughmanycall it“Linux”bymistake

GNU's own kernel,theGNU Hurd单击功能区上,was started in1990(before Linux was started)。Volunteers continue德veloping the Hurd because it is an interesting technicalproject。