During the Anti Japanese War, from 1939 to 1945, after the puppet army occupied the territory of Dongming, they colluded with the local traitors. The tyrants took advantage of the opportunity to sell their country and seek honor. They raped and plundered everywhere, burned, killed and robbed grain. They ran rampant and put the people in the land of deep water and the land of national subjugation and extermination. Under the leadership of the Communist Party and the local people's militia, they took up arms to defend the lives and property of the Eight Route Army. There were more than 100 battles, such as Xia Ying battle, Yu Tan Zhai battle, land circle battle, Liu Lou encounter battle, Xixia camp ambush battle. Hao tulian battle, Xiaojing battle and so on. On the night of February 27, 1945, Chen Wancheng, the commander of the third district of Changyuan County of the Kuomintang, conspired with more than 600 Japanese puppet troops (more than 50 Japanese troops) from Lanfeng and kaucheng, and suddenly surrounded Wang Gaozhai. When the village armed forces found out, they immediately organized measures to cope with the war and formulated a combat plan. At dawn the next day, the Japanese puppet army launched a strong attack on the village, and dense artillery fire poured into the village from all directions, and the Japanese puppet army launched a charge. The militiamen fought fiercely with the enemy. The women's rescue association and the children's regiment carried ammunition, bricks and tiles to repel the enemy four times in a row. Chen Wancheng became angry and rode his horse to direct the fifth charge. In the fierce battle, Wang Qingping, the leader of the militia, and Wang Xianwen, the chairman of the peasants, died bravely. Finally, the four gates were lost because they were outnumbered. The heroic militia and the masses launched a fierce street battle with the enemy. At noon, two companies of the county brigade, the district squadron and the district militia joint defense team came to reinforce the troops. After more than five hours of bloody fighting, the enemy was finally repulsed. 45 Japanese puppet soldiers and 2 Japanese soldiers were killed and wounded. Wang Gaozhai village cadres and militia casualties of 42 people, this battle, in the history of the Dongming militia wrote a glorious and heroic page. In order to commemorate the martyrs, the monument of revolutionary martyrs was built in the east of wanggaozhai village in 1951. It is now the base of revolutionary education for young people.