Explanation of Terms Used in Reply From
The following (imaginary) example shows all
the different types of lines that may appear in a reply
from theOnLine Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences。 [For a description of theInternal Formatused in the database, click在这里.] Click on the heading to get more information.
ID Number:A004001 (Formerly M0276 and N0101))数据 1,1,1,0,0,1,1,2,0,0,1,1,2,2,2,4,1,2,0,0,3,4,6,6,8,8,10,10,9,9,7, 5,2,0,7,10,18,22,29,32,41,43,49,50,54,53,54,50,46,38,30, 18,6,8,25,43,62,82,108,129,155姓名 Bell or exponential numbers: ways of placing n labeled balls into n indistinguishable boxes.评论 On first day, each gossip has his own tidbit. On each successive day, disjoint pairs of gossips may share tidbits (over the phone). After a(n) days, all gossips have all tidbits.推荐信R. L. Graham, D. E. Knuth and O. Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics. AddisonWesley, Reading, MA, 2nd Ed., 1998, p. 329. C. L. Mallows, Conway's challenge sequence, Amer. 数学Monthly, 98 (1991), 520.链接 Douglas E. Iannucci and Donna MillsTaylor,On Generalizing the Connell Sequence, J. Integer Sequences, Vol. 2, 1999, #99.1.7.Formula: a(n) = (1/4)*n^2*(n^2+3).例子: a(24) = 4 because we can form 2, 4, 24 and 42.Maple: a:=proc(n) option remember; if n<=2 then 1 else a(a(n1))+a(na(n1)); fi; end;Math'ca: dtn[L_]:=Fold[2#1+#2&,0,L]; f[n_]:=dtn[Reverse[1IntegerDigits[n,2]]]; Table[f[n],{n,0,100}]程序 (PARI.2.0.11) direuler(p=2,101,1/(1(kronecker(5,p)*(XX^2))X))See also: Cf.A005380
关键词 sign,nice,easyOffset: 5,8Author(s): Antti Karttunen, Dec 05 2001扩展Extended byAlois P. Heinz, Mar 10, 2010.
Explanation of the Different Lines
 The Anumber (for exampleA000031) is the absolute catalogue number of the sequence.
It consists of A followed by 6 digits.
 Some sequences also have a 4digit Mnumber,
such asM1459, which is the number they carried in"The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences"by N.J.A. Sloane and S. Plouffe, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1995.
 Some older sequences also have a 4digit Nnumber,
such as N0577 , which is the number they carried in
the "Handbook of Integer Sequences",
by N. J. A. Sloane, Academic Press, NY, 1973.
 These lines give the beginning of the sequence.
 For example: 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144,...
 Ideally the entry gives enough terms to fill
about three lines on the screen.
 The terms must be integers.
 If the terms are fractions,
then the numerators and denominators appear as separate sequences,
labeled with the关键词"frac", and with links
connecting the two sequences.
 Only sequences that are welldefined and of general interest are included.
 The "Name" line gives a brief description or definition of the sequence.
 For example: The even numbers.
 In the description, a(n) usually denotes the nth term
of the sequence, and n is a typical subscript.
 For example: a(n) = a(n1) + a(n3) .
 In some cases however a letter such as k or m is used to denote a typical
term in the sequence.
 For example: List of numbers k such that k and k+1 have the same number of divisors .
 Additional remarks about the sequence that
do not fit into any of the other lines
(additional contexts where the sequence occurs,
for instance).
 References where information about the sequence can be found.
 Whenever possible the reference gives full bibliographical
information:
 For an article in a journal: author(s), title of article, name of journal, volume,
issue number if relevant, year, starting and ending page
numbers, etc.
 For a book: author(s), title, publisher,
place, year, edition, page numbers where sequence appears, etc.
 For an article in a book:
author(s), title of article, page numbers, editors' names,
title of book, publisher, place, year, etc.
 Links related to this sequence
 Preferred format:
J. B. Smith, < a href = " http : // www.this.that.com/etc/etc.html ">Title< /a >
 spaces have been inserted to make it visible, but of course you should
not insert any spaces. In other words, the format is
Author, <a href="http://www.etc.etc/file">Title</a>
 Web page addresses can change very quickly, so if you find
a link that is broken,
please add a comment to that link — you might say, for example, [broken link?  ~~~~] (the four tildes will be transformed into your signature).
 These lines give expanded information or examples to illustrate the
initial terms of the sequence.
 For instance: 4=2^2, so a(4)=1; 5=1^2+2^2=2^2+1^2, so a(5)=2.
 If the sequence is formed from the coefficients of a power series,
this line can be used to show the beginning of the series.
 For instance: 1+3600*q^3+101250*q^4+...
 If the sequence is formed from the decimal expansion
or continued fraction expansion of a real number,
this line may show the actual decimal expansion.
 For instance: 3.141592653589793238462643383279502884...
 If the sequence is formed by reading the rows
of anarray,
this line may show the beginning of the array
(see the关键词"tabl" and "tabf" below.)
 For instance: {1}; {1,1}; {1,2,1}; {1,3,3,1}; {1,4,6,4,1}; ...
 These lines give Maple code to produce the sequence. Examples:
 <font color="green">f:=i>if isprime(i) then 1 else 0; fi; [seq(f(i),i=0..100)];</font>
 <font color="green">for i from 1 to 100 do if isprime(i) then print(nops(factorset(i1))); fi; od;</font>
 These lines give Mathematica code to produce the sequence. 例如:
 <font color="green">Table[ If[ n==1,1,LCM@@Map[ (#1[ [ 1 ] ]1)*#1[ [ 1 ] ]^(#1[ [ 2 ] ]1)&, FactorInteger[ n ] ] ],{n,1,70} ]</font>
 These lines give a program in some other language that will produce the sequence. Examples:
 <font color="green">(PARI) v=[];for(n=0,60,if(isprime(n^2+n+41),v=concat(v,n),));v</font>
 <font color="green">(MAGMA) R := ReedMullerCode(2,7); print(WeightEnumerator(R));</font>
 <font color="green">(Sage) CuspForms( Gamma1(1), 12, prec=100).0;</font>
 These lines gives crossreferences to related sequences. Examples:
 <font color="green">Cf. A006546, A007104, A007203.</font>
 <font color="green">a(n) = A025582(n)^2+1.</font>

Sequence in context.This line show the three sequences
immediately before and after the sequence
in the lexicographic listing. 例子:
 <font color="green">Sequence in context: A036656 A000055 A006787 this_sequence A036648 A047750 A072187</font>

Adjacent sequences.This line show the three sequences
whose Anumbers are
immediately before and after the Anumber of the sequence.
Example:
 <font color="green">Adjacent sequences: A000989 A000990 A000991 this_sequence A000993 A000994 A000995</font>
These lines give keywords describing the sequence.
At present the following keywords are in use.
 base : Sequence is dependent on base used
 bref : Sequence is too short to do any analysis with
 changed : A sequence that was changed in the last two or three weeks (this keyword is set automatically)
 cofr : A continued fraction expansion of a number
 cons : A decimal expansion of a number
 core : An important sequence
 dead : An erroneous or duplicated sequence (the table
contains a number of incorrect sequences that have appeared in the literature,
with pointers to the correct versions)
 dumb : An unimportant sequence
 dupe : Duplicate of another sequence
 easy : It is easy to produce terms of this sequence
 eigen: Aneigensequence: a fixed
sequence for some transformation  see the filestransforms和transforms (2)for further information.
 fini : A finite sequence
 frac : Numerators or denominators of sequence of rational numbers
 full : The full sequence is given, either in the DATA section or in the bfile (implies the sequence is finite and has keyword "fini")
 hard : Next term is not known and may be hard to find.Would someone please extend this sequence?
 hear : A sequence worth listening to.
 less : This is a less interesting sequence
and is less likely to be the one you were looking for.
 look : A sequence with an interesting graph.
 more : More terms are needed!Would someone please extend this sequence?We need enough terms to fill about three lines on the screen.
 mult : Multiplicative: a(mn)=a(m)a(n) if g.c.d.(m,n)=1
 new : New (added or modified within last two weeks, roughly; this keyword is set automatically)
 nice : An exceptionally nice sequence
 nonn : A sequence of nonnegative numbers (more precisely, all the displayed terms are nonnegative; it is not excluded that later terms in the sequence become negative)
 obsc : Obscure, better description needed
 probation : Included on a provisional basis,
but may be deleted later at the discretion of the editor.
 sign : Sequence contains negative numbers
 tabf: An irregular or funnyshaped三角形of numbers (one in which the nth row does not contain n terms)
made into a sequence by reading it by rows; or a table with a fixed number of columns that are read by rows — a list of pairs, triples, quadruples, etc. Any 2 or 3D sequence that does not warrant the keyword "tabl".
SeeA028297和A027113for examples.
 tabl: A regular三角形of numbers (one in which the nth row contains n terms) made into a sequence by reading it by rows; or an infinite方形array T(n,k), n >= 0, k >= 0, say,
made into a sequence by reading it by antidiagonals either upwards or downwards.
SeeA007318和A003987for examples.
 uned: Not edited. The editors normally check all incoming sequences to make sure that:
 the sequence is worth including
 the definition is sensible
 the sequence is not already in the database
 the English is correct
 the different parts of the entry all have the correct prefixes: crossreferences are in %Y lines, formulae in %F lines, etc.
 any %H lines are correctly formatted (this is easy to get wrong)
 等.
The keyword "uned" indicates that this sequence needs editing. If you can help by editing the entry, please do so!
 unkn : Little is known; an unsolved problem;
anyone who can find a formula or recurrence is urged to
add it to the entry.
 walk : Counts walks (or selfavoiding paths)
 word : Depends on words for the sequence in some language
For further information about the keywords, see在这里。
 The offset line contains two numbers.
 The first offset usually gives the subscript of the first term in the sequence.
 For example: theFibonacci numbers
A000045,
F(0), F(1), F(2), ..., begin0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89,...and the subscript of the initial term is 0,
so the first offset is<STRONG>零</strong>
 However, if the sequence gives the decimal expansion of a constant, the offset is the number of digits before the decimal point.
 For example, the speed of light is299792458 (m/sec),giving the sequence2,9,9,7,9,2,4,5,8,and so the first offset is<STRONG>九</strong>。
 On the other hand, the decimal expansion of 1/13 is.07692307692307692..., givng the sequence0, 7, 6, 9, 2, 3, 0, 7, 6, 9, 2, 3, 0, 7, 6, 9, 2,and now the first offset is<STRONG>零</strong>。
 The second offset, that is, the second number in the Offset line, is automatically set by the system, and is used to determine where this sequence lies in the lexicographic order.
The normal user need not worry about the second offset, but for those who are interested, here are the details.
The second offset says which term (counting from the left, and labeling the first term with 1), first exceeds 1 in absolute value. It is set to 1 if all the
terms are 0 or +1. The reason for this goes back to the very beginning of the database. All the sequences in the database are (virtually) arranged lexicographically, but to do that they have to be lined up,
and they are lined up so the first field they are sorted on is the first term >= 2 in magnitude. You cannot compare the Fibonacci numbers and the primes unless you line them up properly: 0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 ...
2 3 5 7 11 13 ... You mark the first term > 1 in magnitude with asterisks (this position is the second offset):0 1 1 *2* 3 5 8 13 21 ... (second offset is 4)
*2* 3 5 7 11 13 ... (second offset is 1) and now you can compare them. They are out of order! The correct order is2 3 5 7 11 13 ...
0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 ... The primes come before the Fibonacci numbers.You can see this arrangement if you look at the line in any entry that says
"Sequence in context" That shows you the three sequences before and after the one you are looking at, in the lexicographic order. However, if all terms are less than 2 in magnitude, you can't sort them like this. So those get sorted on the first field — these sequences have second offset equal to 1.
 This line gives the name
of the person or persons who contributed the sequence. 例如:Clark Kimberling . This name will usually be an active link to the user page of the submitter on the OEIS wiki.
 E stands for Extensions , Errors or Edited .
These lines contain information about sequences
that have been significantly extended,
errors that have been corrected, or entries in the database
that have been edited by someone.
 The errors might be in an earlier version of the entry in the
database or in the published literature.
 Examples:
 <font color="green">Corrected and extended by Henry Bottomley, Jan 01 2002</font>
 <font color="green">The sixth term is incorrect in the book by Smith and Jones.</font>
 <font color="green">Edited by Michel Marcus, Jan 02 2019</font>
 The database also contains a number of sequences based
on triangular or square arrays,
such asPascal's Triangle：
          一         
         一   一        
        一   二   一       
       一   三   三   一      
      一   四   六   四   一     
     一   五   十   十   五   一    
    …   …   …   …   …   …   …   
When read by rows this produces the sequence1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1, 1, 4, 6, 4, 1, ...,SequenceA007318。
 Square arrays are usually read by antidiagonals. For example, theNimaddition table：
零  一  二  三  四  五 
一  零  三  二  五  四 
二  三  零  一  六  七 
三  二  一  零  七  六 
四  五  六  七  零  一 
。  。  。  。  。  。 
when read by antidiagonals produces the sequence0, 1, 1, 2, 0, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 2, 0, 2, 4, ...,SequenceA003987。
 The typical term in these arrays is usually denoted by T(n,k) (or sometimes A(n,k)).
 这个例子lines for these sequences
usually show the beginning of the twodimensional array.
 These sequences are usually indicated by the
keywordstabl或tabf。
 Some ordinary (onedimensional) sequences also have the
keywordtabl, indicating that they can also be regarded as
arrays.
