Eugene O'Neill had won the诺贝尔文学奖in 1936, and used the prize money to build what he named Tao House above Danville.O'Neill and his wife lived in the home from 1937 to 1944.By the time he moved here, O'Neill had already lived in over 35 places, but he called this secluded house his "final home and harbor".At this home, O'Neill wrote his final plays:急冻奇侠，Long Day's Journey Into Night，Hughie, and月照不幸人。Due to a degenerative condition in his hand, he was unable to complete another play after 1943.
O'Neill's study in Tao House, where he wrote many of his last works
O'Neill and his wife, actress Carlotta Monterey, showed their interest in Asian art, decor, and thought in preparing the home.The two personally designed the two-story, three-bedroom home from the ground up.The ceilings were dark blue to mimic the sky with dark wood floors representing the earth, as well asNohmasks,Chinese guardian statues, and Chinese lacquerware furnishings throughout the interior.Outside, Carlotta installed a garden in a zigzag pattern which Chinese tradition indicated would keep away evil spirits.They also planted several trees, including pine, almond, and redwood.The O'Neills moved to Boston afterWorld War II。
The house was saved from demolition in the early 1970s. Several women formed the Eugene O’Neill Foundation, including president Darlene Blair and executive vice president Lois Sizoo, in order to raise money to buy Tao House, which had been named a National Landmark in 1971.They did so through several fundraising projects, including benefit performances of Eugene O’Neill's playHughiefeaturingJason Robards。Through their efforts, Tao House was declared a国家历史地标1971，[ 2 ]一国家历史遗址1976、进入的管理国家公园的服务1980。